I'm new to this particular forum. Although I've heard of a dropped uterus before, I've never seen it in mares. I had a gal come out today to look at a horse for sale & she looked at one of my broodmares, saying that she looked like she had a dropped uterus. Her belly is big & round (many have asked if she was re-bred, but she's not) and her topline doesn't have a ton of weight on it, but she's still nursing a foal. I've had mares look like her in the past and never had an issue with them, but you know how it is...someone says something and then you start to panic. I called my vet today and she said that there's no way to tell if a mare has a dropped uterus by looking at her...the only way to tell is by palpation. Has anyone out there had any experience with this? How did your mare look? What signs made you call out a vet? What was the outcome? To be honest, I don't even know WHAT a dropped uterus is or how that effects the mare's reproductive system for future breeding. Can anyone enlighten me?
I'm pretty much with your vet. The only way to confirm that a mare has a dropped uterus is via rectal palpation.
One could gain a hint that there is a possibility of a dropped uterus by looking at the exterior reproductive conformation (but it would not be definitive). If the anus was sunken and the vulval lips were severely angled, then it would be pretty likely that a palpation would identify a dropped uterus, however, that would not be indicated by any other body contour such as a large belly.
Angulation of the internal reproductive tract can result in a reduced ability to clear uterine fluids - in particular post-breeding - and a greater susceptibility to becoming a urine-pooler (urovagina). The delayed uterine clearance issue can often be dealt with by the judicious use of an oxytocin protocol, but the urine pooling will require more in-depth treatment. All conditions and the ability to deal with them and how much they affect fertility will depend upon the degree of severity.
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